Automatic Commercial Ice Makers

Department of Energy

Manufacturers have been required to comply with the Department of Energy's (DOE) energy conservation standards for certain automatic commercial ice makers since 2010. Automatic commercial ice makers make and harvest cube, flake, tube, and nugget ice. Ice makers are used in hotels, hospitals, schools, office buildings, supermarkets, and other facilities where foods and beverages are served or sold. The DOE provides public updates regarding automatic commercial ice makers via Appliance Standards Rulemakings and Notices and the Current Unified Agenda of Regulatory and Deregulatory Actions.

    On May 11, 2023, DOE published a notice of proposed rulemaking (NOPR), in which DOE proposed new and amended energy conservation standards for automatic commercial ice makers. On September 25, 2023, DOE published a Federal Register notification of data availability (NODA), updating its analysis for automatic commercial ice makers based on information it received related to harvest rate cutoffs in response to the May 11, 2023 NOPR. 

    Type of Regulation: Energy Conservation Standard

    Rulemaking Link: Rulemaking Webpage

    Docket ID: EERE-2017-BT-STD-0022


    • PostedSeptember 29, 2020 — Request for information; Early Assessment Review
    • PostedMarch 25, 2022 — Notification of Webinar and Availability of Preliminary Technical Support Document  
    • PostedApril 6, 2022 — Notification of rescheduled public meeting
    • PostedMay 26, 2022 — Notification of Availability of preliminary technical support document; reopening of comment period
    • Posted: May 11, 2023 — Notification of Proposed Rulemaking
    • Posted: September 25, 2023 Notification of Data Availability

    Comment Period Close Date: Closed

    Where to Comment: N/A

    AHRI Comments to Previous Stages of Rulemaking:

    • 2020-12-11 — AHRI comment response to RFI
    • 2022-05-16 — AHRI Extension Request for Notice of preliminary technical support document
    • 2022-06-07 — AHRI comment response to the reopened comment period
    • 2022-06-07 — AHRI and NAFEM Request for Extension of Comment Period
    • 2023-07-11 — AHRI ACIM Comment response to the published Notice of Proposed Rulemaking and announcement of public meeting

    Next Steps: Final Rule from DOE anticipated August 2024.

    Staff Contact: Nicole Colantonio

    There are no future rulemakings anticipated at this time.

    Subject to the 7-year look-back provision in the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA)(42 U.S.C. 6314(a)(1)(A)).

    Subject to 42 U.S.C. 6313(d)(3)(B).

    Automatic commercial icemakers manufactured and distributed in commerce, as defined by 42 U.S.C. 6291(16), must meet the energy conservation standards specified in the Code of Federal Regulations at 10 CFR 431.136.

    On November 1, 2022, DOE published a Federal Register final rule amending the test procedure for automatic commercial ice makers to update incorporated references to the latest version of the industry standards; establish a relative humidity test condition; provide additional detail regarding certain test conditions, settings, setup requirements, and calculations; include a voluntary measurement of potable water use; clarify certification and reporting requirements; and add enforcement provisions. This final rule also provides additional detail to the DOE test procedure to improve the representativeness and repeatability of the current test procedure.

    • The effective date of this rule is December 1, 2022.
    • The final rule changes were mandatory for equipment testing starting October 27, 2023. 
    • As of December 1, 2022, the Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference of certain publications listed in this rule.

    The automatic commercial ice makers test procedure rulemaking docket is located here: EERE-2017-BT-TP-0006. All notices, public comments, public meeting transcripts, and supporting documents pertaining to this rulemaking can be found on the docket.

    To determine compliance with DOE standards, manufacturers must follow the test procedures specified at 10 CFR 431.134 for automatic commercial ice makers manufactured or distributed into commerce.

    Amended Test Procedure

    All manufacturers were to comply with the latest test procedure rule for commercial automatic icemakers beginning October 27, 2023.


    AHRI Comments to Previous Rulemaking Stages:

    • 2019-04-19 — AHRI Comment response to the published Request for information
    • 2022-02-23 — AHRI Comment response to the published Notice of proposed rulemaking and request for comment

    For further guidance or to submit questions related to the implementation of these test procedures, visit DOE's Appliance Standards Guidance and Frequently Asked Questions.


    Current Product Specifications:

    Commercial Ice Makers Specification Version 3.0

    In Development:

    There are no new versions currently in development.

    Applying for Energy Star:

    To qualify a new product, contact an EPA-recognized Certification Body (CB) to have the product's performance certified. A list of EPA-recognized CBs, as well as an overview of EPA's third-party certification procedures, is available at Third-Party Certification. AHRI is an EPA-recognized CB. Email [email protected] for more information.

    More Information:

    Energy Star Commercial Ice Maker Website