Technical Results

21CR Program Reports

Electronic copies of 21CR project reports are available upon request from AHRI Vice President of Research.

 

    Report

    Author Name

    Strategic Planning for the HVACR Industry, Report I – Industry Opportunities

    J. M. Tooman, Inc., 2001

    Strategic Planning for the HVACR Industry, Report II – Research Recommendations

    J. M. Tooman, Inc., 2001

    ARTI Report Name

    Report Author(s)

    Report ID

    The Efficiency Limits of Water Vapor Compressors Suitable for Air–Conditioning Applications

    Wright, Yoshinaka, Le Drew, and D'Orsi, 2000

    ARTI–21CR/605–10010–01

    Microchannel Heat Exchangers with Carbon Dioxide

    Zhao, Ohadi, and Radermacher, 2001

    ARTI–21CR/605–10020–01

    Evaluation of the Performance Potential of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) as a Refrigerant in Air–to–Air Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps: System Modeling and Analysis

    Ortiz, Li and Groll, 2003

    ARTI–21CR/610–10030–01

    Evaluating the Performance of Thermoacoustic Cooling

    Braun, Mongeau, Minner, Alexander, and Paek, 2001

    ARTI–21CR/610–10040–01

    Fundamental Understanding of Heat and Mass Transfer in Ammonia–Water Absorber

    Garimella, 2006

    ARTI–21CR/612–10050–01 Interim Report – Phase 1

    Fundamental Understanding of Heat and Mass Transfer in Ammonia–Water Absorber — Phase 2

    Garimella, 2007

    ARTI–21CR/612–10050–02 Final Report — Phase 2

    Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Compressor–Expander Analysis

    Huff and Radermacher, 2003

    TI–21CR/611–10060–01

    Measurement of Performance of Carbon Dioxide Compressors

    Hubacher and Groll, 2002

    ARTI–21CR/611–10070–01

    Model and Evaluation Tools for Assessing Magnetocaloric Effect for Space Conditioning and Refrigeration Applications

    Engelbrecht, Nellis, and Klein, 2005

    ARTI–21CR–612–10075–01

    Use of Water Vapor as a Refrigerant: Part II; Cycle Modifications and System Impacts on Commercial Feasibility

    Lachner Jr., Nellis, and Reindl, 2004

    ARTI–21CR/611–10080–01

    ARTI Report Name

    Report Author(s)

    Report ID

    Evaluating the Ability of Unitary Equipment to Maintain Adequate Space Humidity Levels

    Brandemuehl and Katejanekarn, 2001

    ARTI–21CR/605–20010–01

    Evaluating the Ability of Unitary Equipment to Maintain Adequate Space Humidity Levels — Phase II

    Witte and Henninger, 2006

    ARTI–21CR/605–20011–01
    ARTI–21CR/605–20011–01A Appendices

    An Assessment of the State–of–the–Art and Potential Design Improvements, for Flat–tube Heat Exchangers in Air–Conditioning and Refrigeration Applications — Phase I

    Jacobi, Park, Tafti, and Zhang, 2001

    ARTI–21CR/605–20020–01

    Flat–Tube Heat Exchangers in Air–Conditioning and Refrigeration Applications — Phase II

    Jacobi, Park, Zhong, Michna, and Xia, 2005

    ARTI–21CR/611–20021–01

    Application of High–Temperature Mold Materials to Die Cast Copper Motor Rotor for Improved Efficiency

    Economical Copper Rotor Production

    Peters, Cowie, Brush, Jr., and Midson, 2003

    ARTI–21CR/605–20030–01

    Motor Test Results, Copper vs. Aluminum

    Brush, Jr., Cowie, Peters, and Van Son, 2003

    ARTI–21CR/605–20030–02

    Refrigerant Evaporation Characteristics Inside Flat Passages

    Thome and Quiben, 2005

    ARTI–21CR/605–20040–01

    Potential Benefits of Smart Refrigerant Distributors

    Payne and Domanski, 2003

    ARTI–21CR/610–20050–01

    High Condensing Temperature Heat Transfer Performance of Low Critical Temperature Refrigerants

    High Condensing Temperature Heat Transfer Performance of Low Critical Temperature Refrigerants. (ARTI–21CR/610–20060–01)

    ARTI–21CR/610–20060–01

    Variable Primary Flow Chilled Water Systems: Potential Benefits and Application Issues

    Bahnfleth and Peyer, 2004

    ARTI–21CR/611–20070–01

    Critical Literature Review on Lubricant Influence in Refrigerant Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop

    Shen and Groll, 2003

    ARTI–21CR/611–20080–01

    Comparison of the Total Energy Consumption of Series vs. Parallel Fan Powered VAV Terminal Units

    N/A

    1292–RP

    Phase I Development of Models for Series and Parallel Fan Variable Air Volume Terminal Units

    Furr, Jr., O'Neal, Davis, Bryant; and Cramlet, 2007

    ARTI–21CR/612–20090–01, Phase 1 Report

    Phase 2 Comparison of the Total Energy Consumption of Series versus Parallel Fan Powered VAV Terminal Units

    Davis; Bryant, O'Neal, Hervey; and Cramlet, 2007

    ARTI–21CR/612–20090–02, Phase 2 Report

    ARTI Report Name

    Report Author(s)

    Report ID

    Defining the Effectiveness of UV Lamps Installed in Circulating Air Ductwork

    N/A

    N/A

    ARTI–21CR/610–40030–01

    VanOsdell and Foarde

    ARTI–21CR/610–40030–01

    Investigation of Building Exhaust Air Re–Entrainment Into Outdoor Air Intakes of Packaged Outdoor HVAC Equipment — Phase I

    Stickford, Saunders, Hesse, Osborne, and Talbert, 2002

    ARTI–21CR/610–40040–01

    Investigation of Building Exhaust Air Re–Entrainment Into Outdoor Air Intakes of Packaged Outdoor HVAC Equipment — Phase II

    Osborne, Aume, Goshe, Ricci, and Talbert, 2005

    ARTI–21CR/612–40041–01

    The Role of Filtration in Maintaining Clean Heat Exchanger Coils

    Yang, Braun, and Groll, 2004

    ARTI–21CR/611–40050–01

    Simulating the Performance of Natural and Hybrid Ventilation Systems in U.S. Office Buildings

    Emmerich and Crum, 2005

    ARTI–21CR/611–40076–01

    Portable Mold Detectors — Operating Requirements

    Harriman, 2004

    N/A

    ARTI–21CR/612–40080–01

    N/A

    ARTI–21CR/612–40080–01

    Portable Mold Detectors — Survey of Potential Technologies

    Harriman, 2005

    N/A

    ARTI–21CR/612–40080–02

    N/A

    ARTI–21CR/612–40080–02

    Portable Mold Detectors — Technical Feasibility and Operational Requirements

    De Jesús, Balasubramanian, Bayer, Greneker, Harriman, Hendry, Rowland, Showman, Sylvester, and Trostel, 2006

    ARTI–21CR/612–40080–03

    ARTI Report Name

    Report Author(s)

    Report ID

    Investigation of R–410A Air Conditioning System Performance Operating at Extreme Ambient Temperatures up to the Refrigerant Critical Point – ORNL

    Rice, 2005

    ARTI–21CR/605–50015–01

    Determination of Refrigerant Lower Flammability Limits in Compliance with Proposal Addendum 34p to ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 34 (ASHRAE 1073–RP)

    Wilson and Richard, 2002

    ARTI–21CR/605–50020–01

    Assessment of the Commercial Implications of ASHRAE A3 Flammable Refrigerants Used in Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Systems,

    Goetzler and Dieckmann, 2001

    ARTI–21CR/610–50025–01

    Study of the Effects of Water in Synthetic Lubricant Systems and Clathrate Formation

    Rohatgi, 2001

    ARTI–21CR/610–50035–01

    Development of a Reproducible Screening Method to Determine the Mechanism and Effect of Organic Acids and other Contaminants on the Corrosion of Aluminum–finned Copper–tube Heat Exchanger Coils

    Corbett and Severance, 2005

    ARTI–21CR/611–50055–01

    Using Acid Number as a Leading Indicator of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning System Performance

    Cartlidge and Schellhase, 2003

    ARTI–21CR/611–50060–01

    Properties and Cycle Performance of Refrigerant Blends Operating Near and Above the Refrigerant Critical Point

    Task 1 — Refrigerant Properties

    McLinden, Laesecke, Lemmon, Magee, and Perkins, 2002

    ARTI–21CR/605–50010–01–Pt1

    Task 2: Air Conditioner System Study

    Domanski andPayne, 2002

    ARTI–21CR/605–50010–01–Pt2

    MCLR Program Reports

    All reports have since been consolidated in electronic format on CD–ROM and is available upon request from the AHRI Vice President of Research.

      Report Name

      Report Author(s)

      Report ID

      Thermophysical Properties

      Kayser, 1993

      DOE/CE/23810–16

      Thermophysical Properties of HFC–143a and HFC–152a

      Haynes, 1994

      DOE/CE/23810–39

      Thermophysical Properties of HCFC Alternatives

      Haynes, 1996

      DOE/CE/23810–80

      Development of the REFPROP Database and Transport Properties of Refrigerants

      McLinden, 1998

      DOE/CE/23810–97

      ARTI Refrigerant Database — Primary and Recently–added Citations

      Calm, 1999

      DOE/CE/23810–103

      ARTI Refrigerant Database — Archival and Historical Citations

      Calm, 1999

      DOE/CE/23810–104

      ARTI Refrigerant Database Data summaries — Volume I: Single–compound Refrigerants

      Calm, 1999

      DOE/CE/23810–105

      ARTI Refrigerant Database Data summaries – Volume II: Blends (Zeotropes and Azeotropes)

      Calm, 1999

      DOE/CE/23810–106

      ARTI Refrigerant Database Data summaries – Volume III: Toxicity and Compatibility

      Calm, 1999

      DOE/CE/23810–107

      Toxicity Data to Determine Refrigerant Concentration Limits

      Calm, 2000

      DOE/CE/23810–110

      Foaming Characteristics of Refrigerant / Lubricants Mixtures

      Goswami, Shah, Jotshi, Bhagwat, Leung, Gregory, and Lu, 1998

      DOE/CE/23810–88

      Report Name

      Report Author(s)

      Report ID

      Chemical and Thermal Stability of Refrigerant–lubricant Mixtures with Metals

      Huttenlocher 1992

      DOE/CE/23810–5

      Accelerated Screening Methods for Determining Chemical and Thermal Stability of Refrigerant–lubricant Mixtures

      Kauffman,1995

      DOE/CE/23810–41:
      Volume One | Volume Two

      Accelerated Screening Methods for Determining Chemical and Thermal Stability of Refrigerant–lubricant Mixtures, Part I: Method Assessment

      Kauffman, 1993

      DOE/CE/23810–10

      /media/7091DOE Report Name

      Report Author(s)

      Report ID

      Compatibility of Refrigerants and Lubricants with Motor Materials

      Doerr and Kujak, 1993

      DOE/CE/23810–13:
      Volume One | Volume Two | Volume Three | Volume Four

      Compatibility of Refrigerants and Lubricants with Motor Materials under Retrofit Conditions

      Doerr and Waite, 1996

      DOE/CE/23810–63:
      Volume One | Volume Two | Volume Three | Volume Four

      Compatibility of Refrigerant and Lubricants with Elastomers

      Hamed, Seiple,and Taikum, 1994

      DOE/CE/23810–14

      Compatibility of Refrigerant and Lubricants with Engineering Plastics

      Cavestri, 1993

      DOE/CE/23810–15

      Sealed Tube Comparisons of the Compatibility of Desiccants with Refrigerants and Lubricants

      Field, 1995

      DOE/CE/23810–54

      Compatibility of Manufacturing Process Fluids with R–134a and Polyolester Lubricant

      Cavestri and Schooley, 1996

      DOE/CE/23810–55

      Compatibility of Lubricant Additives with HFC Refrigerants and Synthetic Lubricants, Part I

      Cavestri, 1997

      DOE/CE/23810–76

      Documentation of Newly Developed Methods to Assess Material Compatibility in Refrigeration and Air–Conditioning Applications

      Hawley, 1994

      DOE/CE/23810–47

      Accelerated Test Methods for Predicting the Life of Motor Materials Exposed to Refrigerant–lubricant Mixtures

      Ellis II and Ferguson, 2000

      DOE/CE/23810–94

      DOE Report Name

      Report Author(s)

      Report ID

      Theoretical Evaluation of R22 and R502 Alternatives

      Domanski and Didion, 1993

      DOE/CE/23810–7

      Evaluation of HFC–245ca for Commercial use in Low Pressure Chillers

      Keuper, Hamm, and Glamm, 1996

      DOE/CE/23810–67:
      Volume One | Volume Two

      Electrohydrodynamic (EHD) Enhancement of Pool and in–tube Boiling of Alternate Refrigerants

      Ohadi, Dessiatoun, Singh, Fanni, 1993

      DOE/CE/23810–17

      Impact of Air and Refrigerant Maldistributions on the Performance of Finned–tube Evaporators with R–22 and R–407C

      Lee and Domanski, 1997

      DOE/CE/23810–81

      DOE Report Name

      Report Author(s)

      Report ID

      Miscibility of Lubricants with Refrigerants

      Pate, Zoz, and Berkenbosch, 1993

      DOE/CE/23810–18

      Solubility, Viscosity and Density of Refrigerant/lubricant Mixtures

      Henderson, 1994

      DOE/CE/23810–34

      Measurement of Viscosity, Density, and Gas Solubility of Refrigerant Blends in Selected Synthetic Lubricants

      Cavestri, 1995

      DOE/CE/23810–46

      Study of Lubricant Circulation in HVAC Systems

      Biancardi, Michels, Sienel, and Pandy, 1996

      DOE/CE/23810–71:
      Volume One Volume Two

      Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication with Polyolester Lubricants and HFC Refrigerants

      Gunsel and Pozebanchuk, 1999

      DOE/CE/23810–102:
      Volume One | Volume Two

      Accelerated Screening Methods for Predicting Lubricant Performance in Refrigerant Compressors

      Cusano, Yoon, and Poppe, 1994

      DOE/CE/23810–45

      DOE Report Name

      Report Author(s)

      Report ID

      Methods Development for Measuring and Classifying Flammability/Combustibility of Refrigerants, Task 1: Annotated Bibliography and Summary

      Heinonen and Tapscott, 1994

      DOE/CE/23810–42G

      Methods Development for Measuring and Classifying Flammability/Combustibility of Refrigerants, Task 2: Test Plan

      Heinonen and Tapscott, 1994

      DOE/CE/23810–42H

      Methods Development for Measuring and Classifying Flammability/Combustibility of Refrigerants, Task 3: Laboratory Test Results

      Heinonen, Tapscott, and Crawford, 1994

      DOE/CE/23810–50

      Lean Flammability Limit as a Fundamental Refrigerant Property, Phase I

      Womeldorf, King, and Grosshandler, 1995

      DOE/CE/23810–58

      Lean Flammability Limit as a Fundamental Refrigerant Property, Phase II

      Womeldorf and Grosshandler, 1996

      DOE/CE/23810–68

      Lean Flammability Limit as a Fundamental Refrigerant Property, Phase III

      Grosshandler, Donnelly, and Womeldorf, 1998

      DOE/CE/23810–98

      Investigation into the Fractionation of Refrigerant Blends

      Biancardi, Michels, Sienel, and Pandy, 1996

      DOE/CE/23810–75

      Refrigerant Flammability Testing in Large Volume Vessels, Flammability Criterion Determination for ASTM E681

      Richard, 1998

      DOE/CE/23810–87

      Risk Assessment of HFC–32 and HFC–32/134a (30/70 wt%) in Split System Residential Heat Pumps

      Goetzler, Bendixen, and Bartholomew, 1998

      DOE/CE/23810–92

      DOE Report Name

      Report Author(s)

      Report ID

      Investigation of Flushing and Clean–out Methods for Refrigeration Equipment to Ensure System Compatibility

      Byrne, Shows, and Abel, 1996

      DOE/CE/23810–73

      Products of Motor Burnout

      Hawley–Fedder, Goerz, Koester, and Wilson, 1996

      DOE/CE/23810–74

      Effect of Selected Contaminants in Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Equipment,

      Cavestri, Falconi, Ruona, and Schooley, 2000

      DOE/CE/23810–111

      Effects of Temperature on Desiccant Catalysis of Refrigerant and Lubricant Decompositions

      Rohatgi, 1998

      DOE/CE/23810–95

      Equilibrium Point Dryness and Water Capacity of Desiccants with Alternative Refrigerants

      Cavestri and Schafer, 2000

      DOE/CE/23810–108

      Water Solubility and Clathrate Hydrates in HFC Refrigerants and Refrigerant Blends

      Cavestri and Schafer, 2000

      DOE/CE/23810–112

      Infrared Analysis of Refrigerant Mixtures

      Morse, 1998

      DOE/CE/23810–82

      Methods Development for Organic Contaminant Determination in Fluorocarbon Refrigerant Azeotropes and Blends

      Byrne, Abel, and Gbur, 1998

      DOE/CE/23810–85

      Development and Consolidation of Gas Chromatography Methods for Appendix C to ARI 700

      Byrne, Gbur, and Gehring, 2000

      DOE/CE/23810–109